How to Write a Critical EssayWhat is a Critical Essay?
A critical essay is a critique or review of another work, usually one which is arts related (i.e. book, play, movie, painting). However, the critical essay is more than just a summary of the contents of the other work or your opinion of its value. The critical essay is an objective analysis of the work, examining both its positive and negative aspects.
The critical essay is informative and stresses the work rather than your opinion. You need to support any observations or claims you make with evidence. For this reason, in writing a critical essay, you don't use the first person.
Following the general essay format of title, introduction, body, and conclusion is helpful in writing the critical essay.
Title: An essay is an examination of a single topic. Because critical essays must back each point with solid evidence, it's much easier to focus on a single aspect of a work rather than an entire work. Remember this when choosing your essay title.
For instance, rather than trying to examine the movie "Star Wars", examine "The Use of Dialogue in Star Wars". In a critical essay, even this topic may be too broad. Narrow it further to a topic like how Yoda's odd dialogue contributes to the movie or how the voice of James Earl Jones adds to the character of Darth Vader.
Introduction: The introduction of a critical essay introduces the topic, including the name of the work that you're analyzing and the author or artist of the work. It also states your position on the work and briefly outlines the questions that led you to develop the arguments you'll detail in the body of your essay.
Tip: Use relevant background or historical information to show the importance of the work and the reason for your evaluation.
Develop your arguments through using facts that explain your position, compare it to the opinions of experts, and evaluate the work. Directly follow each statement of opinion with supporting evidence.
- The critical essay should briefly examine other opinions of the work, using them to strengthen your position. Use both the views of experts that are contrary to your viewpoint as well as those in agreement with your position.
- Use your evidence to show why your conclusion is stronger than opposing views, examining the strength of others' reasoning and the quality of their conclusions in contrast to yours.
- As well as comparisons, include examples, statistics, and anecdotes.
- Find supporting evidence within the work itself, in other critical discussions of the work, and through external sources such as a biography of the author or artist.
- Using paragraphs for each point you analyze and including transitions from point to point improves the flow of your essay.
- As well as from paragraph to paragraph, check to see that the entire essay is well organized and that the information within each paragraph is well ordered.
Final Touches for the Critical Essay
The critical essay is an informative review based on authoritative and expert evidence. Completing the essay with the appropriate final touches adds an authoritative look to your composition.
- Since much of the information in a critical essay is based on the opinions and viewpoints of others, it is crucial to properly cite your sources within the body of the essay and include a list of sources at the end of the paper. The critical essay normally uses the MLA format of citation.
- Remember to proofread your essay. Mechanical errors (spelling, grammar, punctuation) erase your credibility as an expert on your topic.